A brake system comprising a control system and a braking device, wherein the braking device consists of a brake disc and a brake pad. To the Patent Office, these words (consists of vs. comprises) have very different meanings. Thus: The USA is comprised of 50 states. Many inventors that write their own patent applications use the term “consists of” instead of the preferred term”comprises”. Possibly the most abused two-syllable word in English. But, increasingly, the usage panels of major dictionaries are accepting the use of comprise for compose, especially in the passive voice. It means "contain," "consist of," "be composed of." the library comprises (not comprises of) 500 000 books and manuscripts Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged Collins. On the other hand, the American Heritage Dictionary reveals that “comprise” means “to consist of,” to be composed of,” “to include,” and “to contain” (8). Examples: Our team consists of seven members. Synonym for include consist means multiple things with something, comprise is whats in something, contain means controlling something|for example, "you can get a free stay at a hotel that comprises with a indoor pool and much more!" When you use “comprise,” you’re talking about all the parts that make up something. But consist is always followed by of or in. More on that a little later. It goes on to clarify matters in its definition of “include”: “Comprise usually implies that all of the components are stated” (9). "|does that help? When the phrase "consists of" appears in a clause of the body of a claim, rather than immediately following the preamble, there is an "exceptionally strong presumption that a claim term set off with ‘consisting of’ is closed to unrecited elements." and contain "we need to contain the dogs in this room. Think twice before using is comprised of for anything. Usually. As a noun include is (computing) a piece of source code or other content that is dynamically retrieved for inclusion in another item. Consist, comprise or compose ? Or, rather, comprise being used incorrectly. A quick look in a decent online dictionary is advisable: comprise Usage: The use of of after comprise should be avoided:. COMPRISE, IS COMPRISED OF, and INCLUDE: Filling Up Guideline: Use comprise when you mean to "consist of" (as opposed to "are the elements of"). The important thing to remember when you’re using the word “comprise” is that the item that is the whole shebang comes first in the sentence; second come the items that are its … - 當代英語語法 - 書面和口頭英語語法和用法的參考資料 - 劍橋線上詞典 For example, if their invention is a new mixture, they may write “my invention consists of A, B, and C”. ‘Comprised of’ is frequently found but still wrong. Most problems could be avoided by remembering this mantra: The whole comprises its parts. Now we have a carefully-drafted claim for a braking system that comprises any number of control systems and any number of braking devices, but in which each braking device only has one disc and one pad. Comprise, compose and consist have come to my attention quite forcibly this week, as I keep coming across examples of them being used incorrectly. As verbs the difference between include and comprise is that include is to bring into a group, class, set, or total as a (new) part or member while comprise is to be made up of; to consist of (especially a comprehensive list of parts). consists: "a burger consists of a burger, tomato, lettuce, and the bread buns." Use include when you are mentioning or listing some or most (rather than all) of the items in a series. (আমাদের দল সাত সদস্য নিয়ে গঠিত।) This house consists of three rooms, a dining space, two verandas, two washrooms, and a kitchen.
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