Morphometric Analysis of Drainage Basin through GIS: A Case study of Sukhna Lake Watershed in Lower Shiwalik, India. Utrecht: Publikatie wit het Geografisch Institut der Tijksuniversiteit Utrecht, Serie B 51. I. 16 morphometric parameters have been calculated and analysed for the present study. MORPHOMETRIC ANALYSIS OF MANDAKINI DRAINAGE BASIN: A GEOSPATIAL APPROACH Sandeep Kumar 1 and S. K. Bansal 2 1Research Scholar 2Professor Department of Geography, M. D. University, Rohtak, India Email: bansal_sudhir@rediffmail.com Abstract: Remote sensing and geographical information systems are technological tools that can be used to study features and specific locations … Drainage Basin • Drainage basin is simply the area that gathers water from precipitation and deliver it to large stream or lakes. Drainage basin is the basic unit of fluvial investigation. The designation of stream orders is based on a hierarchic ranking of stream. Morphometric analysis of a basin provides information about different aspect and characterizes the drainage system of basin in these aspects (Strahler A. N., 1964). Lab 4: Drainage Basin Morphometry ... quantitative analysis of drainage basins; whether these values rise to the level morphometric variables is debatable. Hydrogeological mapping and drainage analysis can form an important tool for groundwater development. Keywords: Morphometric analysis, Pambar watershed, Ponnaiyar river basin, drainage pattern, GIS. A GIS-based approach in drainage morphometric analysis of Kanhar River Basin, India Praveen Kumar Rai • Kshitij Mohan • Sameer Mishra • Aariz Ahmad • Varun Narayan Mishra Received: 8 July 2014/Accepted: 16 October 2014 The Author(s) 2014. Introduction Fig. All tributaries of different extents and patterns were digitized from survey of India toposheets 2011 (1:50,000 scale) and the catchment boundary was also determined for Thadayampatti drainage. The stream numbers, orders, lengths and other morphometric parameters like bifurcation ratio, drainage density, stream frequency, shape parameters etc. The entire Varuna river basin has been subdivided into 3 sub-watersheds and 41 morphometric parameters have been computed under four broad categories i.e. drainage network, basin geometry, drainage texture, and relief characteristics. GIS helps to create database for the watershed which is very much useful … Location map of the study area. Morphometric Analysis of Sina Basin using GIS and Remote Sensing Techniques Akash M. Pandule Sahyadri College of Agricultural Engineering, Yeshwantnagar, Karad, Maharashtra, India. The stream delineation was done digitally in GIS (Arcview10) system. Morphometric analysis is the mathematical analysis of the earth’s surface configuration including its shape, size, landforms dimension etc (Clarke, 1996). W. J. and Van Steijn, H. 1973: Computerized morphometric analysis of drainage basins from maps. updating and morphometric analysis of drainage basin. The siting of facilities to enhance the recharge is also of great importance in planning the development of watershed programs. Spatial parameters prove valuable, however, in determining whether basins are sufficiently similar for direct comparison. [ ... Drainage Basin Setup e Supin River basin is located in Uttarkashi district of Uttarakhand ( Figure ) and situated between E and N. e tributaries of Supin River, such as, Har Ki Dun Gad, Borasu Gad, and Ruinsara Gad, are fed by Jamdar glacier ( Figure (a) ). The drainage basin has been seen as the fundamental hydrologic and geomorphic areal unit. morphometric analysis indicates that the watershed has low drainage density, permeable sub soil and flatter peak runoff for longer duration which can be manage easily as compare to circular shape basin. To understand the drainage basin dynamics and their usefulness in watershed prioritisation and management in terms of soil erosion studies and groundwater potential assessment and flood hazard risk reduction in mountainous rivers, morphometric analysis of a Himalayan River (Supin River) basin has been taken as a case study. Morphometric analysis requires measurement of linear features, gradient of channel network and contributory ground slopes of the drainage basin (Nautiyal, 1994). Morphometry is the measurement and mathematical analysis of the configuration of the earth's surface, shape and dimension of its landforms (Agarwal, 1998; Obi Reddy et al., 2002). For example, to study the effects of fire, one might compare a vegetated watershed with a burned watershed. These types of statistical measure are developed to describe valley side, channel slopes, area, relief, drainage pattern type and extent of a basin. Van Asch, Th. Abstrac. Abstract A morphometric analysis of Bharathapuzha river basin has been carried out using geoprocessing techniques in GIS. A drainage map of the study area has been prepared with the help of Ilwis 3.4 software. were measured. Index Terms—Morphometric analysis, Indian Remote Sensing Satellite (IRS), Cartosat-1 DEM-10 m, Stream order, ... other hydrological parameters of the drainage basin. Fluvial morphometric study includes the consideration of linear, areal and relief aspects of the fluvially originated drainage basin. The drainage basin analysis plays a vital role in the control of floods and erosion, assessment of groundwater potential, groundwater quality and groundwater exploration. GIS, ensing, nservation, Accepted: December 2018 10 … It describes the basin geometry quantitatively and analyse the geology, geomorphology, slope, rock hardness and other structural controls of drainage basin (Strahler, 1964). The GIS based Morphometric analysis of this drainage basin revealed that the Girja-Purna is 6th order drainage basin and drainage pattern mainly in dendritic type thereby indicates homogeneity in texture and lack of structural control. YangchanJ. For the purpose of drainage basin analysis, the study area is divided into six subwatershed units. 2, Tiwari A.K. The drainage basin analysis is important in any hydrological investigation like assessment of groundwater potential and groundwater management. The morphometric characteristics of various basins have been studied by many scientists using conventional (Horton,1945, Strahler,1957) and Remote sensing an GIS methods The morphometric parameters considered for analysis includes the linear, areal and relief aspects of the basin. Detailed morphometric analysis of a basin is a great help in understanding the influence of drainage morphometric network on landforms and their characteristics. 2, and Sood A. In addition, it has stream frequency of 0.32 and form factor 0.57 which indicates slightly elongated basin shape. The present study demonstrates the usefulness of remote sensing and GIS techniques for computation of morphometric parameter. The morphometric analysis of the drainage basin and channel network plays a significant role in comprehension of the geohydrological nature of drainage basin and expresses the prevailing climate, geological setting, geomorphology and structural antecedents of the catchment area. cation of quantitative techniques in morphometric analysis of drainage basins was initially undertaken by Horton et al. Tributary A river which joins a larger river. INTRODUCTION Remote Sensing and GIS techniques are efficient and effective tools in the assessment, identification and delineation of drainage basins. morphometric analysis of a drainage basin is the designation of stream orders. In India drainage and morphometric characteristics of many river basins have been studied using conventional methods (Krishanmurthy et al., 1996). The water as per as water concern with respect to precipitation even though we classify in terms of watershed or particular river basin or drainage basin. 1, Jain A.K. Keyword: Morphometric Analysis, Drainage Basin, Gis And Rs. Quantitative morphometric analysis has been carried out for linear, relief, and areal aspects of drainage basin. Ruggedness number is 0.02 that implies the area is less prone to soil erosion. A morphometric analysis of Shanur basin has been carried out using geoprocessing techniques in GIS. The relief characteristics were used to generate the hypsometric curve which exhibit the monadnock and reliefs of coastal morphology. We dealing with the water with in watershed the main source of water are due to precipitation. t: Land, water and soil are limited natural resources and their widely utilizationwith increased population is a major concern. The morphometric analysis of drainage density of the study watershed is 0.49 km/km 2 which indicates the basin is highly permeable and result with better underground water storage capacity. In the present study, morphometric analysis of the Manas drainage basin has been carried using earth observation data and geographical information system (GIS) techniques. The GIS based Morphometric analysis of this drainage basin revealed that the Charthana is 4 th order drainage basin and drainage pattern mainly in sub-dendritic to dendritic type thereby indicates homogeneity in texture and lack of structural control. The uplift of the Arabian Shield and the opening of the Red Sea led to the development of steep drainage systems in the Western Arabian Peninsula. • Comprises of different segments Maps are not in scale 3. Morphometric Analysis of a Drainage Basin Using Geographical Information System: A Case study M.L.Waikar1 and Aditya P. Nilawar2 1. Google Scholar 1. 3 . Quantitative morphometric analysis of basin can deliver information about the hydrological nature of the rocks showing within the basin. Professor and Head, … These techniques are found relevant for the extraction of river basin and its drainage networks. Assessment of drainage and their relative parameters have been quantitatively carried out for the Morar River Basin, which has made positive scientific contribution for the local people of area for the sustainable water resource development and management. The quantitative analysis of morphometric parameters is found to be of immense utility in river basin evaluation, watershed prioritization for soil and water conservation and natural resources management. Morphometric analysis of a drainage system requires delineation of all existing streams. This technique is found relevant for the extraction of river basin and its drainage networks. Catchment The area from which water drains into a particular drainage basin. The quantitative morphometric analysis carried out in Neyyar sub-watershed includes Network analysis; Basin geometry; Texture analysis and Relief characteristics. Morphometric analysis addresses statistical correlation of morphometric characteristics of drainage basin and basin hydrology. Measurements and statistical analysis of stream’s lengths and overland flow length are among the most commonly used attributes. Although the Peninsula has been studied from a geological perspective, in relation to oil production, plate tectonics and eolian systems such as sand dunes, the steep mountainous drainage basins have received much less attention. Morphometric analysis, quantitative description and analysis of landforms as practiced in geomorphology that may be applied to a particular kind of landform or to drainage basins and large regions generally. ----- Abstract: Geographical Information system (GIS) and Remote Sensing has become an efficient tool in this present era for the delineation of drainage pattern and water resource management. The extracted drainage network was classified according to Strahler’s system of classification and it reveals that the terrain exhibits dendritic to sub-dendritic drainage pattern. Morphometric analysis of drainage basin geometry provides essential information which helps to understand geomorphic evolution of drainage basins, landforms and slopes development [7] [9] [11] , and for demarcating erosion-prone areas including landslide complexes. A drainage map of basin provides a reliable index of permeability of rocks and their relationship between rock type, structures and their hydrological status (Singh et al., 2014). Form factor 0.57 which indicates slightly elongated basin shape major concern, stream frequency, parameters. Lake watershed in Lower Shiwalik, India, Serie B 51 the morphometric parameters have been calculated and for. Like bifurcation ratio, drainage basin is a major concern keywords: morphometric analysis of a drainage requires... Basins are sufficiently similar for direct comparison morphometric study includes the consideration of linear, areal and characteristics. 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